Biden’s First 30 Executive Actions >>

January 25th, 2021

Biden’s First 30 Executive Actions

In his first days in office, President Biden has issued 30 executive orders, presidential memoranda, and agency directives, primarily focused on addressing the coronavirus pandemic and undoing some of former President Donald Trump’s actions.

Today, Biden will sign a “Buy American” order aimed at boosting American manufacturing, setting in motion a process to fulfill his campaign pledge to strengthen the federal government’s rules and to close existing supply chain loopholes. Biden is also expected to sign more executive orders in the coming days related to policing reforms, the suspension of oil and gas lease sales on federal lands, and on healthcare reforms related to the Affordable Care Act.

Below is a compilation of the executive actions taken thus far.

January 22

  • Economy: Restores collective bargaining power and worker protections for federal workers, and lays the foundation for $15 minimum wage.
  • Economy: Calls for assistance to those who are struggling to buy food, missed out on stimulus checks, or are unemployed.

January 21

  • Coronavirus: Accelerates manufacturing and delivery of supplies for vaccination, testing, and Personal Protective Equipment.
  • Coronavirus: Directs FEMA to expand reimbursement to states to fully cover the cost for National Guard personnel and emergency supplies.
  • Coronavirus: Establishes the Pandemic Testing Board to expand US coronavirus testing capacity.
  • Coronavirus: Establishes a preclinical program to boost the development of therapeutics in response to pandemic threats.
  • Coronavirus: Enhances the nation’s collection, production, sharing, and analysis of coronavirus data.
  • Coronavirus: Directs FEMA to create federally-supported community vaccination centers.
  • Coronavirus: Directs the Department of Education and HHS to provide guidance for safely reopening and operating schools, childcare providers, and institutions of higher education.
  • Coronavirus: Calls on the Occupational Safety and Health Administration to release clear guidance on Covid-19, decide whether to establish emergency temporary standards, and directs OSHA to enforce worker health and safety requirements.
  • Coronavirus: Requires mask-wearing in airports and on certain modes of transportation, including many trains, airplanes, maritime vessels, and intercity buses. International travelers must provide proof of a negative Covid-19 test prior to coming to the US.
  • Coronavirus: Creates the Covid-19 Health Equity Task Force to help ensure an equitable pandemic response and recovery.
  • Coronavirus: A presidential directive to restore America’s leadership, support the international pandemic response effort, promote resilience for future threats and advance global health security and the Global Health Security Agenda.

January 20

  • Coronavirus: Launches a “100 Days Masking Challenge” asking Americans to wear masks for 100 days. Requires masks and physical distancing in federal buildings, on federal lands, and by government contractors, and urges states and local governments to do the same.
  • Coronavirus: Stops the United States’ withdrawal from the World Health Organization, with Dr. Anthony Fauci becoming the head of the delegation to the WHO.
  • Coronavirus: Creates the position of Covid-19 Response Coordinator, reporting directly to Biden and managing efforts to produce and distribute vaccines and medical equipment.
  • Economy: Extends the existing nationwide moratorium on evictions and foreclosures until at least March 31.
  • Economy: Extends the existing pause on student loan payments and interest for Americans with federal student loans until at least September 30.
  • Environment: Rejoins the Paris climate accord, a process that will take 30 days.
  • Environment: Cancels the Keystone XL pipeline and directs agencies to review and reverse more than 100 Trump actions on the environment.
  • Equity: Rescinds the Trump administration’s 1776 Commission, directs agencies to review their actions to ensure racial equity.
  • Equity: Prevents workplace discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation or gender identity.
  • Census: Requires non-citizens to be included in the Census and apportionment of congressional representatives.
  • Immigration: Fortifies DACA after Trump’s efforts to undo protections for undocumented people brought into the country as children.
  • Immigration: Reverses the Trump administration’s restrictions on US entry for passport holders from seven Muslim-majority countries.
  • Immigration: Undoes Trump’s expansion of immigration enforcement within the United States.
  • Immigration: Halts construction of the border wall by terminating the national emergency declaration used to fund it.
  • Immigration: Extends deferrals of deportation and work authorizations for Liberians with a safe haven in the United States until June 30, 2022.
  • Ethics: Requires executive branch appointees to sign an ethics pledge barring them from acting in personal interest and requiring them to uphold the independence of the Department of Justice.
  • Regulations: Directs OMB director to develop recommendations to modernize regulatory review and undoes Trump’s regulatory approval process.

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